Edible flowers are a great way to add a burst of color to your food. A bright yellow blossom in your salad or a soft purple bud on your soup can really make your meal visually appealing. Which flowers are edible? Is eating flowers safe? Keep reading for answers to a few of these questions!
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What do flowers taste like?
Flowers all taste just a tad bit different, depending on what you plant and when you pick it. Primarily I find that a soft, earthy flavor predominates, sometimes with a touch of spiciness to it.
You are really just adding a visual pop to your dish, not a ton of flavor. Edible flowers are not always appealing to dinner guests but are easily removed and set to the side if they prefer not to eat it.
My husband and son are fine with eating the edible flowers I include in our meals, however, my daughter is not a big fan. She says the taste is fine but the fuzzy petals in her mouth feel ‘weird’.
PLEASE NOTE: All flowers that will be EATEN should be grown organically and not picked from a place that pets will be peeing on!
5 Edible Flowers for Your Backyard Garden
If you enjoy adding a unique and colorful touch to your food, here are a few edible flowers to plant in your backyard garden:
Carnations (Dianthus caryophyllus – aka Dianthus):
Please do NOT use the carnations you received as a gift from a flower shop! Most are very heavily treated with pesticides and fertilizers! Carnations that you have planted in your backyard, however, are a beautiful edible flower that can be used to add a pop of color to salads or desserts.
Pluck the delicate petals away from the base of the flower. They are lightly sweet and come in a wide variety of colors!
Bee Balm (Monarda didyma):
We planted bee balm here in our Georgia backyard several years ago and every year that stuff comes back stronger and more vigorous than the year before. It goes by other names, as well, including Wild Bergamot, Wild Oswego Tea, Horsemint, Monarda.
The taste is a combination of oregano and mint and the blossoms really do attract a ton of bees. Anything that helps the pollinators is a great thing to plant in your yard, right? Being able to eat it is just a perk. Check out my recent post on protecting pollinators for more tips on this.
These little flowers are not only pretty but they’re also edible. They have also been used for their medicinal properties for hundreds of years. You have probably seen beautiful candied violets adorning wedding cakes but there are many ways to use them for culinary purposes.
They can be sprinkled on your salad, and used to make violet tea, violet syrup, violet jelly, and even violet vinegar. Check out these violet recipes on Pinterest for some inspiration!
The pansies that you find at most garden centers are actually a member of the same class of flowers as the wild violets mentioned above. Pansies are incredibly easy to grow in the backyard garden.
They can be grown year-round in mild climates and like a partly sunny area with soil that is kept moist. In mild climates, they will actually grow year-round and are considered biennial. They will need to be replaced every couple of years but will provide you with plenty of edible flowers throughout the year.
You can candy them, put them in salads, use them to decorate your cheese platter, and even make pansy oil! You can use homemade pansy oil in salad dressings or drizzle it over a light and flaky white fish.
Another name for marigolds is Calendula (Calendula officinalis) and they are incredibly easy to grow in the backyard garden. The flavor of these edible flowers ranges from spicy to bitter and tangy to peppery.
Only the petals themselves are edible and you can sprinkle them on soups, pasta, or rice dishes. They are also great used in herb butter or sprinkled on a salad. I grow marigolds in the garden every year because garden pests really dislike them. They tend to avoid areas of the garden where marigolds are growing, which means fewer pests eating my peppers!
Tips for choosing edible flowers:
Edible flowers are probably not something everyone thinks of when planning their garden. However, a bright pop of color is a great way to attract pollinators, which in turn boosts the yield of your garden. You can start wildcrafting to find edible flowers or grow them yourself. If you would like to start growing edible flowers, keep these tips in mind:
- I will repeat my warning from above: Do NOT use pesticides or other chemicals on your flowers if you intend to eat them!
- Do not harvest flowers that are growing along the side of the road.
- Make sure you know exactly what you are eating. I prefer to only eat flowers I have grown myself from seed or seedling so I know what it is.
- Use flowers sparingly in your recipe. Too many may cause digestive upset.
- Do not use edible flowers on strongly flavored dishes or you will end up hiding their delicate and lightly spicy flavor.
Learn more about eating flowers:
For a very thorough list of edible flowers, check out What’s Cooking America. They have a LONG list of flowers, both wild and cultivated, that you can add to your favorite dishes.
Like this post about edible flowers? Try these gardening tips, too:
- Edible Gardening Tips and Foodscaping Ideas for Beginning Gardeners: Nothing says that your yard can’t look pretty AND be edible, right? Check out my post about how to grow sunflowers and use the seeds for snacking.
- Essential Gardening Supplies for Home Gardeners: Here is a list of the the best gardening tools for home gardeners.
- Herb Gardening: Essential Herbs for your DIY Beauty Products. Try herb gardening for your DIY beauty products.
Not sure exactly what to DO with an edible flower? You make a batch of chilled pear and ginger soup with a pretty pansy on top! Have you ever used edible flowers in your own kitchen? If you are interested in finding more edible flowers, don’t forget about dandelions. Check out my post on wildcrafting for more information.
Diane is a professional blogger and nationally certified pharmacy technician at Good Pill Pharmacy. She earned her BS in Microbiology at the University of New Hampshire and has worked in cancer research, academics, and biotechnology. Concern over the growing incidence of human disease and the birth of her children led her to begin living a more natural life. She quickly realized that the information she was learning along the way could be beneficial to many others and started blogging and freelance writing to share this knowledge with others. Learn more about her HERE.